**Introduction:**

In part-1 of this series, we discussed the concept that a stock’s intrinsic value is the present value of its cash flows. Here in part-2 we will introduce the general form of the present value model, and discuss the dividend discount model in more detail.

The present value model discounts *all* future cash flows to determine a stock’s present value, V_{0}, which is its intrinsic value at t=0. Discounting all future cash flows necessitates using the infinity sign (∞) in the summation. The foundational formula for the present value model is: Read more »

Tags: cash flow, discount rate, dividend discount model, fundamental analysis, Gordon Growth Model, intrinsic value, John Burr Williams, multistage model, payout ratio, present value, required rate of return, terminal value

Fundamental Analysis | Sargon Zia | August 1, 2010 9:15 am | Comments (1)

In his seminal 1938 work, “The Theory of Investment Value,” John Burr Williams expounded on his theory that a common stock’s intrinsic value equals the present value of all its future dividends. Since then, considerable advances have been made in the field of security analysis and valuation. But the basic principals have remained the same.

This article is the first in a series comprising a basic overview of absolute security valuation as it applies to the common equity of domestic public companies. Our topics will include popular cash flow definitions, their formulas, underlying assumptions, applications, and multistage model equations. A detailed discussion of determining discount rates and growth rates is beyond the scope of this particular series.

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